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About the island Lošinj
One of the Most Beautiful Archipelagos in the Adriatic
The island of Lošinj is part of the Cres - Lošinj archipelago, the biggest group of islands in the Croatian Adriatic. The Lošinj islands comprise Lošinj, Unije, Ilovik, Susak, Vele Srakane, Male Srakane and 30 other smaller islands, islets and rocks.
Mali Lošinjis the biggest town on the Adriatic islands, well known for its long tourist tradition. The fact that you can find an isolated beach far from the stress of civilization by taking a 15 - minute walk from the town centre makes this place special. The Mediterranean brings its scents and beauties closer to Europe, and the specific climate characteristics make these islands a perfect place for a holiday throughout the year. Small picturesque towns, gravelly beaches, numerous green paths and promenades, fine restaurants by the sea and cafés on the quay, comfortable hotels and hospitable people are reasons enough to spend your holiday on Lošinj!
The historical name of the archipelago - Apsyrtides - is associated with a legend about a mythical hero called Apsyrt, who his sister Medeia had killed. She threw parts of his body into the sea and they turned into the Apsyrtides Islands. The history of the oldest settlements on the islands (Lubenice, Osor, Beli) goes back over 4000 years, and the Roman town of Osor was the Bishopric seat in the 9th century. Having been practically uninhabited until the 13th century, by the 19th century Lošinj developed into one of the leading regional maritime forces, and the town of Mali Lošinj became the second most important harbour in the Mediterranean, after Trieste. The people of Lošinj were esteemed as the best navigators in the Mediterranean. It was in this era that the architectural appearance of the centre of Mali Lošinj was defined, and it has remained almost unchanged to this day.
The first hotel was built in 1887 and called Vindobona , after the Roman name for Vienna. Because of its exceptional climate characteristics, Lošinj was pronounced a climate health resort, pursuant to a decree passed by the Ministry of Health of the Austro - Hungarian Monarchy. Lošinj became one the favourite holiday destinations among the Austro - Hungarian aristocracy, who built numerous villas and summer residences which still adorn Lošinj today.
CLIMATE AND NATURE
Lošinj is a renowned climate health resort because of its climate, which is favourable for healing respiratory diseases and allergies. Temperatures are moderate, air humidity and pressure are stable, fog appears three times a year, and there is a lot of sun. The annual suntime is 2580 hours (the same as Palermo). Temperatures above 30°C are rare, and high pine forests and a sea breeze make summer afternoons very pleasant. The sea around Lošinj is the habitat of the last large group of bottlenose dolphins (tursiops truncatus) in the northern Adriatic, which indicates exceptional cleanliness of the sea.
There are 1500 registered plant species in the Cres - Lošinj archipelago area - more than all the British islands combined! The special ones among them are the plant species atypical for these latitudes, such as lemon, date - palm, bananas, eucalyptus, cedar and sequoia. Some parts of the natural heritage have been protected as park forests. Čikat, the most famous park forest, was planted in late 19th century by Ambroz Haračić, a professor of the glorious Lošinj Naval School, and seamen and captains brought many exotic plants from their voyages, which you can see in Lošinj gardens today.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are no poisonous snakes on these islands. A legend says they were chased away by St. Gaudens, Bishop of Osor and patron of Osor town (11th century).
You can adopt a dolphin and actively participate in their preservation that way. (more...) The large, fresh - water lake Vrana on the island of Cres (surface area 5km2, 74m deep), a unique natural phenomenon, provides the settlements on the islands with drinking water. Despite centuries of exploring, it is still a mystery how that much water can be sustained in waterless surroundings and Karst terrain.
A priceless antique item was found in 1999 in the Lošinj sea. It is a bronze, life - size statue of an athlete (Apoxiomen), an original piece made by Lizip, a Greek sculptor, in the 4th century B.C. A copy of the statue is exhibited in the museum and gallery premises of the Venetian fort in Veli Lošinj.
Lošinj sport airport (900 m of asphalt - covered runway) has been fitted for international traffic (police and customs) and it is the second airport in Croatia by the number of landings (after Zagreb). Airplanes with a capacity of up to 40 seats can land there (Dash 7 - 8, L - 410 Turbolet, Cessnas 150 - 500, King Air 100, King Air 90, King Air 200, Piper and similar types).
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